Syntax Of C

4 – Syntax Of C Language

As you have seen the basic Structure of C language, so this will be easy to understand other basic building blocks of C language like Syntax Of C.

Tokens in C

C program consist of many Tokens & a Token can either a Keyword, an identifier, a constant, a string literal or a symbol.
For Example the following statements consist of 5 Tokens:

The individual Tokens are:

Semocolons

In C Program, Semicolon is a statement Terminator & each individual statement must be ended with a semicolon.

Given Below are the Two different Statements:

Comments

Comments are helping Text in C Program & they are ignored by Compiler. They starts with /* & ends with */ these Characters.
As shown Below:

Identifiers

An identifier in C is a name which is used to identify a variable, function or any other user-identified item. An identifier starts with a letter A to Z, a to z or an underscore ‘_’ followed by zero or more letters, underscores or digits (0 to 9).

C does not allow Characters like @, $ and % within Identifiers. It is a Case-Sensitive Language. Therefore, Manpower & manpower are two different Identifiers in C.
Here are some examples of identifiers:

Reserved Words

Reserved Words may not be used as Constant, Variable or any Identifiers Names. Some Reserved words are shown in the following List:

autoelselongswitch
breakenumregistertypedef
caseexternreturnunion
charfloatshortunsigned
constforsignedvoid
continuegotosizeofvolatile
defaultifstaticwhile
dointstruct_packed
double

That is the Syntax Of C, so now we will move to next chapter.

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