Getting started with Linux

How to Get Started with Linux – Step-by-Step Guide

To Get Started with Linux, we will give you some you information about Linux

Linux is an Operating System like Windows, Mac OS, iOS, android all the operating Systems.

Essentially, an Operating System provide a platform for everything, else on your computer to run on top of.

This platform is made up from lots of different parts. Some parts are responsible to make the hardware work, while some for displaying the user interface, & some other parts for ensuring that applications can work with the Hardware. Linux performs all the functions, Just like Windows etc.

I think, you may be asking that,”If Linux does all the same things which Windows or Mac OS does, Why bother Switching?”.
The Answer is that Linux has its own way of doing thinks.

Categories

Out of that things which Linux does differently, two categories can be formed.

Technical

The first one covers all the technical aspects that makes Linux from other Operating Systems. This includes, A reduces risk of catching Viruses, So much that only very Specialized users need to run Anti-Virus Software.

It’s infinitely Flexible & Modular,
For Example, On Linux you can choose from a dozen different options while Windows limits you to a Single user interface.
It runs well on old & Slow Hardware as well as on Super Computer & Modern Laptops ( 90% of the world’s super-computers are currently running on Linux). It is designed with Security in mind, Provides Advanced features, Such as Strong encryption, as standard.

One warning that you’ll want to keep in mind, is that it has completely different approach to making Hardware work. It means that Linux developers have to add support for hardware by themselves. They do a good job of this, you will find that almost every piece of Hardware works imaginable.

Freedom

The second category could broadly called ‘ideological’. Linux is known as free software. It doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s free of charge (although it often is), but that anybody can study how it works, share it with their friends & modify it, and use it for any purpose.

This sounds a bit out there, But Actually, it is a very important aspect of Linux. For beginners, it means that it is not developed by a single company or nation, but by a vast community spread around the world.
This means that you don’t need to worry that your computing activity is Surreptitiously being recorded, neither no need to worry about a company going bust & taking your Photos, Documents & other Data with Them.

Your Computer works for you, with Free Software. Linux works well on Old Computers & can be shared for free, it is often used to provide low Cost & Powerful Computing Solutions for Developing Nations, Schools & Charities.

More , it’s Source Code can be Studied, it gives a valuable leg up to many Students, Who wouldn’t be able to get a Quality technical Education.

Lord of the Jungle

If you don’t have a backup Solution, then Jungle Disk is a great option. It works with Windows, Mac OS, Linux & it’s basic monthly Cost is just $2/month.

More, it uses Amazon Cloud Storage to back up your Files. It means that your files are kept in a different location, & ensuring that they remain safe even in Fire or any other Physical Disaster.

If you are in hurry or you have limited Bandwidth, you could burn your data to a DVD or put it on a Portable Hard Drive, Just remember to keep it in a different location.

Trying Get Started with Linux

We’re ready to get started & load Linux for the first time, with your Data Safe. For this we’re going to use a version of Linux known as Ubuntu.

Like many, This version of Linux is very Clever, as you can use it as a Live CD. This means that you can run the entire OS from the Disc with out making any changes to your Computer.

If you Like Linux, then you can install it using the same Disc. If you Don’t, Just reboot your Computer & take out the Disk & everything will be just as you left it. It is the perfect way to try Linux with out any risk.

Keep in Mind

The only thing you need to keep in mind is that they’re slower than the OS installed in your Hard Drive.

Live Disk

Live Disk To use the live Disk, You will need to put the Disk in your Computer & then Reboot your Computer.
When the first Screen Appears, usually with your logo manufacturer logo, you will need to press a Key to tell the Computer to start from the Disc, rather than hard Drive. This Key is different in every Computer, But usually it is one F2, F12 or DEL.

The only way to make sure is to try different buttons, one of them will display a boot menu. From this menu, you”ll select which entry corresponds to your Hard Drive.

After making the selection shortly, you”ll see another menu with the Linux format logo on it. You”ll select the entry that reads ‘Ubuntu with Gnome’, After this, your computer will load Linux & eventually leave you at the Desktop.

The first to do is to get familiar with the interface. Remember that Linux is not Windows or Mac OS. As with the Technical & Ideological differences, the Linux interfaces are different from them. This means that it will take a while for you to get used to the way that things work But if you persist with it, you will be surprised at how quickly it becomes Second nature.

Let’s have a look around the desktop. Hopefully, as you noticed while exploring the activities overview as well as providing an attractive Desktop. Linux comes with a great set of Applications which are installed by default. This means that you can get started working with your new OS as soon as you turned it on.

Few of the Applications will be familiar to users of others Platforms, because they are available for all Operating Systems, Some of the applications are Linux specific, However, they are not so well known.

Getting To Know

To speed you on way to familiarity, we have compiled the above table,which compares Ubuntu default applications on other platforms. Most of the default applications are Self-explanatory, & requires little more than a bit of time to discover their essential functions.

At this Point, the most important thing to do is to play around with everything. Almost it it impossible to break anything & if you does, Just reboot your computer & remove the Disc.

Don’t forget to launch SYSTEM SETTINGS Dialogue from the user menu because you”ll find all kinds of options there, includes Changing the Wallpaper, Keyboard Layout & much more.

While you’re trying out things without the fear of breaking them, now it is a great time to test your hardware.
If you boot Ubuntu Successfully & explore the desktop, you can assure that all the important bits already work well – including Graphics Card.

Test Cards

The easy thing to do is just make sure that your computer can see nearby wireless networks. To do this, Click the computer icon on the right Hand of the Panel & if all is well, you will see a wireless entry followed by all the nearby networks.

If you can’t see & then don’t worry. With Linux, Almost there’s always a way to make things work, it sometimes just take time & a helping hand to get there.
See “Getting Help with Linux” to find out how to solve your problem.

Installing Linux

At this point, things are looking pretty good. You’ve successfully started your computer with Linux instead of your normal OS, you have explored the interface & tried some of the default application, even you have checked that it works with your most important hardware.

By this point, if you want to explore this new world further, then it is time to install it on your computer, & more about the system.
This will give a chance to begin finding out how you can tweak the system, How fast it runs in the real world to use it with your own files in your work.

To start the installation process, get to the desktop of the live CD & Double-click on the install icon on the desktop.
From this point, most of the installation screens will ask straight forward Questions about your language, time zone, keyboard layout & much more.

There are one or two screens that will require a bit of further explanation. The third screen of the installer will give you some options covering that how Ubuntu should be installed – whether to install it alongside with your existing OS or to entirely replace the existing system or to let you do your own thing.

What this screen is really asking is How to make Partitions in your Computer? Your computer keeps all of the information which is stored on your Hard Drive & this Hard Drive can be divided into Partitions, which entirely treats it separately from one another.

Security

The screen you will want to pay extra attention is to towards the end, when it ask for username, Computer Name & Password While really, it doesn’t matter what you choose to call to your computer, But you have to think carefully about choosing a good Pass-phrase because it will greatly increase your security.

The best thing to do is string together few random words to create memorable & difficult to crack such as AbkinGgRoup’. Try to use some upper & lower case letters & also try to add few punctuation marks too.

This Screen also gives the option to encrypt your Home Directory. This provides extra protection if you leave your laptop on a train or Aeroplane or in other places or positions where some bastards might get physical access to your Computer.

Move To Linux

After installing Ubuntu, rebooting Computer & Selecting Brand NEW OS from the boot menu, the first you have to do is to make all your existing data accessible.

Launch the Activities overview, Select the filling cabinet icon at the bottom of the dash. This will launch the default Ubuntu File manager, Nautilus. On the left of the window is a Panel & above all the bookmarked locations such as Home, Pictures & Downloads.

Your previous OS lives on this Partition, which contains all your Files & Folders. Accessing them is a very simple matter, Double -Click the Entry & then All Files & Folders Will Appear.

Most User Documents, On Windows & Vista are stored in the Users\ directory, On XP in Documents & Settings\ While On Mac OS they are in the /Users/ directory.

Copying & Linking

Once you got access to the files, you may want to Copy them to the appropriate directory on your Ubuntu Partition.

This works just like all other OS’s,
Use the mouse to drag a box around the files you want to copy, Go to the Edit menu at the top of the Window & Select Copy or ( Press Ctrl +P).
Then go to the location on your Ubuntu partition where you want to store the files, & Select Paste from the Edit menu or ( Press Ctrl + V).

If you are not constantly switching between Operating Systems, then of course this will work better. If you are switching, then you may find that you can end up files that are out of sync with one another.
The best way to avoid this situation is to work straight on the files from Windows Partition, If you do this, the keep in mind that you have to Open File Manager & Click the Partition each time you want to use it.

Importing Data

If you want to make you new OS feel like Home then the Final thing to do is to import some of your Files to appropriate Applications.
For Example, Now as Music File that accessible, you can import them to Banshee’s Database, which will automatically download cover artwork & keep everything organized for you.

To import your Music in to Banshee,
Launch the activities Overview & begin typing ‘Banshee’.
After a few characters, the Highlighted Banshee icon will appear,
Launch the Program,
Then go to Media > Import Media & select choose Folders.

This will launch File Browser, From where you can browse to the location where your Music Files are Stored.
Select the Folder in which your Music is stored & then Click Import at the bottom of the Files Browser.
Then, Banshee will take care of everything for you.
(Note that importing Photos to Shotwell involves the similar process).

Package Managers

The second last step of our journey is to show you how to install new programs & keep the old ones up to date, this is an area where Linux has been ahead of the game for the years.

Rather going to Third Party Websites & downloading executable Files ( .exe in Windows & .dmg in Mac OS), Linux Distributions Provides Package repositories, which store all the software you can install on the distribution. This more secure, since the packages in the repositories are all digitally signed to guarantee their origin. This means that you can be sure that who is providing the package & it has not been altered by someone with malicious intent ( whereas on Windows & Mac there is a little guarantee of the authenticity of a program.

Installing & Updating

The repositories are accessed through the software Centre, On Ubuntu. If you launch it from the Overview Mode, you will find your self at the software action Centre Home Screen. It is like the iTunes app Store. Here you can see features Applications & can browse by category or search for Applications.

Installed Applications are Marked by a Green Circle with a Tick inside it. Instead of having install button, they have remove button. There are a lot of Applications to explore.

Updating Applications uses different Program,
From the overview Mode,
You have to Launch the Update Manager
Click the CHECK button to look for New Updates & then Click the INSTALL UPDATE button to install them
It is very rare that you will need to restart Computer for updates to take effect but if necessary you will be notified.

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