Low Level Programming Languages

Those Languages which are near to Computer Hardware & Can be easily understand by Computer are called Low Level Languages.
These Languages are difficult to understand by Humans.
Writing a Program in High Level Language Requires a deep knowledge of internal Structure of computer Hardware.


There are (2) Two types of Low Level Languages

  • Machine Language
  • Assembly Language

(1) Machine Language

That type of programming Language in which instructions are written in binary form is called Machine Language.
It is the fundamental language of the computer. Machine language is the only language which is directly understood by the computer.
Computer execute that program fast which is written in machine language. Programs written in machine language are machine independent.
Every Computer has its own Machine language which is very is difficult to understand by Humans.
It takes a lot of time to Write & Modify a program in machine language.
It is also known as 1st Generation Language.

(2) Assembly Language

Assembly Language is also known as 2nd Generation Language.
It is one step higher than machine language.
Symbols are used instead of binary code. These Symbols are called mnemonics e.g Sub is used to Subtract two numbers.
Programs written in Assembly Language are easier to write & modify than machine language.
It is also called Symbolic Language.
It is mostly used for writing System Software.

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